Today the market of solar energy has increased significantly in the entire country. In such a situation, it is important for any customer to know about the solar system and its different parts. In today’s blog we are going to tell you about this topic. Many people consider only the installation of solar panel as solar system, but let us tell you that in today’s time, solar system is a complete set of solar panel, solar inverter and battery, etc.
What is solar system? (What is a Solar System)
Let us tell you that Solar System is a system which observes the energy from sunlight and converts it into electric energy. You can use this electricity for all the works in your house, like running water motor, running AC, running fan, charging mobile, etc. Let us tell you that a solar system has many parts like Solar Panel, Solar Battery, Solar Inverter and Panel Stand.
Let us tell you that in today’s time people install rooftop solar systems ranging from 1 kilowatt to 5 kilowatt or 10 kilowatts in their homes depending on their need and space. At the same time, if they have to install solar in a commercial or industrial space, then it can easily range from 10 kW to 100 kW. These can be On Grid Solar System as well as Off Grid Solar System or Hybrid Solar System.
What is solar energy? (What is Solar Energy)
Let us tell you that there are two sources of energy – Conventional energy and Renewable energy. Talking about conventional energy, it contains sources like coal, natural gas, oil, whereas, renewable energy contains sources like wind power, solar energy in Australia, water energy, etc. And, in view of today’s climate crisis, the demand for renewable energy is increasing rapidly all over the world. Solar Energy is one such unlimited source of energy, in which sunlight is converted into electrical energy with the help of a technology. Let us tell you that today India gets good sunshine for 300 days out of 365 days of the year. For this reason, there is maximum potential for renewable energy (Clean & Green Energy) in India regarding solar energy. Let us tell you that today many technologies like Photovoltaic Panel, Solar Heater, Silicon etc.
How to generate electricity from solar energy?
Let us tell you that to generate solar energy, solar panels made with a special technology are kept in the sun. When sunlight i.e. photon hits the solar panel, it generates photoelectric effect and this causes electrons to flow. Let us tell you that any solar panel produces DC i.e. Direct Current and it is converted into Alternating Current with the help of a solar inverter. After this, you can comfortably use this electricity anywhere to run your appliances. Let us know below about the different parts of the solar system.
What is on grid solar system, off grid solar system and hybrid solar system?
Let us tell you that On Grid Solar System is directly connected to the power grid. It provides you electricity with the help of net meter. By installing this you can control your electricity bill at the end of the month. At the same time, by installing Off Grid Solar System, you will become completely self-reliant in terms of electricity. Let us tell you that in this you also need solar inverter and solar battery along with solar panel. At the same time, Hybrid Solar System is a solar system which can run on both battery and grid.
How much does a solar system cost? (Price of Solar Systems)
Let us tell you that the price of any solar system completely depends on which brand, rating, efficiency rate, capacity, etc. it is. Today, if you buy On Grid Solar System, it costs you 50 thousand to 60 thousand rupees per kilowatt. Whereas, if you buy Off Grid Solar System, then it costs you an average of Rs 1 lakh per kilowatt.
At the same time, if you talk about the price of solar panels, then let us tell you that today solar panels ranging from 10 watts to 550 watts are available in the market, whose price starts from around Rs 1000 and goes up to Rs 25 thousand. Read complete information about solar system here:
Let us tell you that solar panel is a technology which converts the energy received from sunlight into electric energy. Let us tell you that solar panels are made from photovoltaic cells, for which layers of silicon are mostly used.
If you want to install solar panels to meet the electricity needs of your home, then you can choose it considering your space and needs. For example, if you are looking for solar panel only for mobile charging and lighting, then you can comfortably install 10-to-20-watt solar panel. At the same time, if you need solar panels to light 3-4 fans and about 10 lights in your house, then you can install 1 kilowatt solar panel (1kW Solar Panel).
At the same time, if you want to run a water motor in your house, then for this you will have to install at least 3 kilowatts solar.
Let us tell you that you can also select solar according to the electricity bill in your house every month. For example, if your monthly electricity bill is 1 thousand rupees, then you can install 1 kilowatt solar and if it is 3 thousand to 5 thousand rupees, then you can install 3 kilowatts to 5 kilowatts solar. With this you will become almost self-sufficient in electricity for years.
Types of Solar Panel
Let us tell you that by series a single solar panel in your house, you can install a solar system of any capacity as per your need. For example, if you want to install a 1.5-kilowatt solar system, you can buy 3 solar panels of 550 watts each. Let us tell you that solar panel is the most important part of any solar system. At the same time, its price is equal to about 40% of the entire solar system.
Let us tell you that there are 3 types of solar panels in the Indian market like Polycrystalline Solar Panel, Monocrystalline Solar Panel, Bi-facial Solar Panel.
Polycrystalline Solar Panel
Let us tell you that this is an old technology. This solar panel is relatively cheaper, but in cloudy or bad weather, it is not able to generate electricity properly.
Monocrystalline Solar Panel – Let us tell you that this is a solar panel of latest technology and it does not get damaged easily. Let us tell you that after installing this solar panel, you will continue to get full electricity even if the sky is cloudy. Pure silicon crystal is used to make this solar panel. For this reason, its efficiency rate is very high.
By-facial Solar Panel – Apart from these two, in today’s time By-facial Solar Panel solar panel is also available in the market, which allows you to generate electricity from both the sides. gives. Because of this you get full power in less space.
Know about the price of different types of solar panels in the table below –
If we talk about the cost of 1kW solar panel, then its price ranges from around Rs 33,000 to Rs 40,000, depending on the technology, quantity, quality, brand and service of the solar panel. Is. If we talk about the price per watt of solar energy plate, then it is available in the market ranging from Rs 35 to Rs 105.
Solar inverter is the second largest part in any solar system after solar panels. As any solar panel creates DC current from sunlight and we need AC current to run home appliances. In such a situation, the solar inverter works to convert the DC current received from the solar panel into AC current. Let us tell you that today the price of solar inverter is about 25% of the cost of the entire solar system.
To store the electricity generated from any solar panel in Australia, we need a solar battery. Let us tell you that the biggest advantage of installing solar battery is that it will keep you getting electricity even during night time, when solar panels stop generating electricity due to lack of sunlight.
If you are buying a 150AH battery, its price may vary depending on warranty and brand etc. For example, if you buy a normal battery with 3 years warranty, it will cost you around Rs 15 thousand. Whereas, if you buy one with 5 years warranty, then it will cost around Rs 18 thousand.
At the same time, if you buy Lithium Ion Battery equipped with state-of-the-art technologies, then you will have to spend about Rs 30 thousand per kilowatt on it.
Solar Panel Stand
To install any solar panel on your terrace, farm or any other empty space, it is necessary to select the right solar stand, otherwise during strong wind or rain the solar panels can easily fall and break.
Rajasthan is one of the largest states of India. This state receives the highest amount of sunshine in the entire country. That is why it is one of the most suitable places for solar system installation. Let us tell you that in Rajasthan (Solar in Jaipur, Rajasthan), there is always electricity facility for the people and the temperature here is also quite high. In such a situation, they can adopt Grid Connected Solar System to meet the electricity needs of their home and offices and can reduce the electricity bill at the end of the month to a great extent.
Let us tell you that if you install 1 kilowatt Grid Connected Solar System. It will cost you around Rs 65 thousand. For this you first have to take permission from the electricity department. For this permission, the government has provided the facility of Single Window Portal.
If you have an 80 AH battery or an older battery, you can buy a 200-watt solar panel for it. With this you can easily meet small electricity needs like light, fan, TV, etc. Let us tell you that today the price of a 200-watt solar panel is around Rs 7 thousand. Whereas, if you buy it in Mono Perc Technology, it will cost you around Rs 10500. The biggest advantage of mono perk solar panel is that it will provide you full power even in less sunny or cloudy weather.
If you are now thinking about installing or buying solar, then first of all you should know what kind of solar system you need. What electrical product are you going to run on solar system and what range of solar system do you need? You can calculate what will be the size of the solar panel, what will be the shape of the structure. As well as what will be the efficiency of the solar panel. And here you can find out in which direction the solar should be and calculate how many units of electricity you will get from the solar system. Before installing a solar system, it is very important to calculate the electricity generated from solar.
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